Politics get ugly on the White House lawn, Lincoln signs the Emancipation Proclamation, the Bambino and The King both die, and the Beatles find a new drummer, all on this day.
1862: Athlete and pioneering college coach Amos Alonzo Stagg is born in West Orange, N.J. Stagg played baseball and football at Yale University and went on to coach football, basketball and baseball at the University of Chicago. He compiled a career college football record of 314–199–35 and his football teams of 1905 and 1913 have been recognized as national champions. He was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as both a player and a coach in the charter class of 1951. Stagg also developed basketball as a five-player sport and was elected to the Basketball Hall of Fame in its first group of inductees in 1959.